Employment Laws in Alaska
Employers in Alaska must conform to these state rules relating to the employment relationship.
An employee is any individual who is employed by an employer but does not include an individual employed in the domestic service of another.
An employer is a person, including the state and a political subdivision of the state, that has one or more employees in the state but does not include a club that is exclusively social, or a fraternal, charitable, educational or religious association or corporation, if the club, association or corporation is not organized for private profit.
Prohibited Employment Discrimination
When the reasonable demands of the position do not require it, discrimination in employment is prohibited based on an individual's:
- national origin (including ancestry)
- physical or mental disability
- marital status or changes in marital status
- pregnancy or parenthood
In general, employers may not advertise job positions that expressly exclude persons from such classes from applying.
Equal pay. It is unlawful for an employer to discriminate in the payment of wages as between the sexes, or to employ a female in an occupation in Alaska at a salary or wage rate less than that paid to a male employee for work of the same or comparable character.
Employers must retain records on age, sex and race, that are required to administer the civil rights laws and regulations. The records are confidential and available only to federal and state personnel legally charged with administering civil laws and regulations. Statistical information completed from records on age, sex and race will be made available to the general public.
An employer who employs 15 or more employees at one time must post in the workplace a notice prepared by the State Commission for Human Rights that:
- sets out the federal definition of sexual harassment;
- advises employees of the name, address, and telephone number of the state and federal agencies to which inquiries and complaints concerning sexual harassment may be made; and
- sets out the deadlines for filing a complaint of sexual harassment with state and federal agencies.
The employer must select prominent and accessible locations for posting the notice that will permit each employee to read the notice during the course of their regular employment duties.