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Employment Laws in North Carolina

Filed under Hiring Workers. Fact checked on May 25, 2012.

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Employers in North Carolina must conform to these state rules relating to the employment relationship.

Employer means a person employing 15 or more full-time employees within North Carolina, but excluding a person whose only employees are hired to work as domestic or farm workers at the employer's home or farm.

For purposes of the law prohibiting employment discrimination on the basis of an employee or job applicant's use of a lawful product, employer means employers of three or more workers.

Prohibited Employment Discrimination

Employment decisions are unlawful if based on the employee or job applicant's:

  • race
  • religion
  • color
  • national origin
  • age (over 40)
  • sex
  • disability

Sickle cell trait. Employment discrimination based on a job applicant's sickle cell or hemoglobin C trait is prohibited.

Use of lawful products. For employers of three or more, employment discrimination based on an employee or job applicant's use of lawful products outside the course of employment is prohibited.

Military service. Employment discrimination based on a job applicant's military service is prohibited.

AIDS. Employment discrimination based on AIDS is prohibited.

Domestic violence. An employer may not discharge, demote, deny a promotion, or discipline an employee because the employee took reasonable time off from work to attempt to obtain relief under the state's domestic violence laws.

Methamphetamine Lab Prevention Act of 2005. Retailers must provide training to employees who will be selling pseudoephedrine products.

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