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Employment Laws in Ohio

Filed under Hiring Workers. Fact checked on May 25, 2012.

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Employers in Ohio must conform to these state rules relating to the employment relationship.

Employee means an individual employed by any employer, but not an individual employed in the domestic service of another.

Employer includes an employer of four or more persons within Ohio.

Prohibited Employment Discrimination

It is unlawful to discriminate in hiring or employment practices on the basis of an employee's or job applicant's:

  • race
  • color
  • religion,
  • sex (including pregnancy, childbirth and related medical conditions)
  • national origin
  • disability
  • treatment for mental illness
  • age (40 and over)
  • ancestry or military status

Recordkeeping Requirements

Prior to employment, employers may not make or keep a record of the race, color, religion, sex, national origin, handicap, age, or ancestry of an applicant.

Posting Requirements

Every employer that is subject to the Fair Employment Practices Law must post in a conspicuous place on its premises a notice prepared by the Ohio Civil Rights Commission, setting forth excerpts of the law.

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