Find Federal Contract Bid Leads
There are numerous way to find information that can lead to a bidding opportunity. Among them are monitor FedBizOpps, get included on solicitation mailing lists, search SUB-Net, use electronic bulletin boards, check agency bid boards, submit an unsolicited proposal, get registered on qualification lists, and sign up with SBAExchange.
The federal government awards millions of contracts each year. How do you go about finding leads on these contracts? Various methods exist that you will want to consider.
One way to find bid leads is through FedBizOpps, the official website listing of all federal government contracting opportunities and awards over $25,000. Federal agencies are required by law to post their contracting opportunities over $25,000 here.
Through this single point of entry, government buyers can post bids soliciting the products and services they need directly to FedBizOpps via the Internet, while commercial vendors seeking to sell their products and services to the government can search, monitor, and retrieve these bids.
The FedBizOpps system includes an e-mail notification service that lets companies looking for government business fill out a subscription form in order to receive e-mail notification of new bids that match the criteria they have selected. Companies can specify the agency, buying office, location, supply or service codes, etc. that they are interested in.
While the General Services Administration (GSA) is responsible for the operation and maintenance of the system, the content of the notices is the sole responsibility of the agency that has issued the notice.
All federal procurement offices are required to announce in FedBizOpps virtually all proposed procurement actions over $25,000. Government agencies are also required to publish information on subcontracting opportunities, including the names and addresses of firms awarded contracts over $25,000 that are likely to result in subcontracts.
There are exceptions to the notice requirements. For example, FedBizOpps usually does not list procurement notices when the supplies or services are classified or are required immediately due to an emergency.
Many procurement announcements are reserved for, or "set aside," for small businesses, minority-owned businesses, women-owned firms, and veteran-owned businesses and they are listed as such.
FedBizOpps postings cover both services and supplies that the federal government wants to purchase, plus the information you need to make an informed offer, including:
- the specific service or product wanted
- the buying agency
- the due date for offers
- the phone number of the agency contact
- the addresses for obtaining complete specifications
- links to related sites
Think of FedBizOpps as a classified ad section for the government. Since FedBizOpps is updated every business day with new notices, it is to your advantage to look for new "ads" everyday, just like you would in a newspaper. You don't want to miss a new opportunity.
One of the common misconceptions that some small business owners have about FedBizOpps is that it posts every buying opportunity that the government has.
However, nothing could be further from the truth. Remember that the only bids listed on FedBizOpps are those for $25,000 or more, and those account for only a small fraction of the total amount of bids that the government puts out.
To find bids in all ranges, consider registering with a PTAC or a commercial bid service.
Learn to Navigate FedBizOpps Website
While the government continues to enhance the capabilities of
FedBizOpps and to make it easier and faster to use, finding your way
around the site can be tricky and sometimes confusing.
The official manual explaining and illustrating the system can be found at the FedBizOpps Vendors Guide index page.
You can view the manual onscreen or download it from that site. Make
sure you go over the entire manual carefully and check each web page, as
you go, so that you know where you are and what you are looking at.
It may take some time and effort to get to really know the FedBizOpps
system, but it is worth it in the long run. The site contains lots of
useful information, including synopses of government solicitations for
products or services, actual solicitations, Requests for Proposals and
Quotations, sources being sought, market surveys for government planning
purposes, amendments/modifications, and award notices.
The search system has many useful options, allowing you to refine
your searches, with just a click of your mouse, to a particular date
range, classification code, place of performance, agency, etc. Once
again, the time you spend trying out and learning about the search
features will be time well spent.
Remember that finding what you need on any search system is always
easier if you feed it "good" keywords—in the case of FedBizOpps, words
that describe the products/services that you provide (or are capable of
providing) and the correct product/service codes. If you find that your
searches and/or the e-mail notification service are not retrieving bids
that relate to the types of products and/or services your company
provides, don't just give up. Go in and change your search criteria,
trying different keywords and product/service codes.
If you are looking for subcontracting work, try searching FedBizOpps
for awards. Use criteria similar to what you would use when searching
for prime contracting opportunities. You can find out the award winner,
dollar amount and point of contact. You then can search CCR for more
details about the company receiving the award. This is a great marketing
The look and functionality of the FedBizOpps site can change without
notice, so it's in your best interest to keep up with any enhancements
or changes in how the site works, what information you have to provide,
The "Find Business Opportunities" page on FedBizOpps allows searching
by many different categories, including award number, date, zip code,
set-aside code, procurement classification, NAICS, and federal agency.
Online bidding through FedBizOpps is becoming more commonplace. Soon
it will be considered "regular business" to use FedBizOpps to complete
your bid information, fill in your prices, and send in your offer to the
buying location by simply clicking on the "Submit" button. (This
feature first began to appear on some Requests for Quotes.) Bids are
usually reviewed in the order in which they are received. If you are the
successful bidder, you will be notified.
Information is arranged by classification codes.
Notices of contract opportunities that appear in FedBizOpps are arranged
by Federal Supply Groups (FSG). These classification codes are divided
into two groups:
- service and product codes (alpha or alpha/numeric)
- supplies, equipment, and material codes (numeric)
When you look at the Federal Supply Classification (FSC) code, it is
derived from the Federal Supply Groups (FSG). The FSG is the first two
digits of any of the FSC codes.
These are broken down into:
PRODUCT SERVICE CODE (PSC): The (PSC) Group by the lettering system
provides the product and service codes that will be used in the Federal
Procurement Data System.
The following material provides an example of how this classification
system works. We suggest that you look it over closely because using
FedBizOpps to find opportunities requires a working knowledge of the
system in order to narrow down your search.
The Letter "C" is the service code for Architect and Engineering
Services - Construction. Under "C" are the following subcategories:
ARCHITECT AND ENGINEERING SERVICES (C) ARCHITECT AND ENGINEERING
SERVICES - CONSTRUCTION (C1) BUILDING AND FACILITY STRUCTURES (C11)
C111 Administrative and Service Buildings
C112 Airfield, Communication and Missile Facilities
C113 Educational Buildings
C114 Hospital Buildings
C115 Industrial Buildings
C116 Residential Buildings
C117 Warehouse Buildings
C118 Research and Development Facilities
C119 Other Buildings
NON-BUILDING STRUCTURES (C12)
C121 Conservation and Development
C122 Highways, Roads, Streets, Bridges, and Railways
C123 Electric Power Generation (EPG)
C129 Other Non-Building Structures
ARCHITECT AND ENGINEERING SERVICES - GENERAL (C2)
C211 Architect - Engineer Services (including landscaping, interior layout, and designing)
C212 Engineering Drafting Services
C213 A&E Inspection Services (non-construction)
C214 A&E Management Engineering Services
C215 A&E Production Engineering Services (including Design and Control, and Building Programming)
C216 Marine Architect and Engineering Services
C219 Other Architect and Engineering Services
So if you are an architect and you only work on inspecting services
you will fall under C213. This will help you define your search profiles
and give you a better hit rate. FEDERAL SUPPLY CLASSIFICATION (FSC):
The (FSC) Group by the numeric system presents the classification
structure of the Supplies and Equipment Codes, showing all groups and
classes listed. The FSC is divided into 78 groups, which are subdivided
into 685 classes. Each class covers a relatively homogeneous area of
commodities, in respect to their physical or performance
characteristics, or in the respect that the items included therein are
such as are usually requisitioned or issued together, or constitute a
related grouping for supply management purpose.
25 Vehicular Equipment Components
26 Tires and Tubes
28 Engines, Turbines, and Components
29 Engine Accessories
Now let's look at #29, Engine Accessories. The subcategories are:
ENGINE ACCESSORIES (29)
2910 Engine Fuel System Components, Nonaircraft
2915 Engine Fuel System Components, Aircraft and Missile Prime Movers
2920 Engine Electrical System Components, Nonaircraft
2925 Engine Electrical System Components, Aircraft Prime Moving 2930 Engine Cooling System Components, Nonaircraft
2935 Engine Cooling System Components, Aircraft Prime Moving 2940 Engine
Air and Oil Filters, Strainers, and Cleaners, Nonaircraft 2945 Engine
Air and Oil Filters, Cleaners, Aircraft Prime Moving
2950 Turbosuperchargers and components
2990 Miscellaneous Engine Accessories, Nonaircraft
2995 Miscellaneous Engine Accessories, Aircraft
You may wonder why we provide so much detail on these codes. Well, if
you're going to do a search of the FBO site or you're going to get on a
automated bid service of any kind, it's worth your while to get at
least the first four codes down to narrow your search. Remember the
first four numbers are the beginning of the National Stock Number, which
specifies an "exact" product for the government.
When you are looking for active solicitations it's much easier to
find what you need by "restricting" the search profile, after all the
government wrote over 10,000,000 contracts last year, do you want to go
through all of them?
While the General Services Administration (GSA) is responsible for
the operation and maintenance of FedBizOpps, it is the contracting
officer, not GSA, who determines the appropriate classification code for
a particular notice. Therefore, the contracting officer is the one held
responsible if a notice of a contract is misclassified and, as a
result, fails to effectively notify the firms most likely to respond.
To search for opportunities using classification codes, go to the FedBizOpps website
and click the "go" button next to "Find Business Opportunity" on the
home page. Scroll down to "Search by Procurement Classification Code"
where you will find a list of codes. Scroll through the list and
highlight the code of interest to you. Scroll to the bottom of page and
click the "Start Search" button. This will bring up a listing of leads.
There are two manuals
available that can give you information to better identify your areas
of interest. These are the Federal Supply Classification Cataloging
Handbook and Handbook H2, from the Defense Logistics Information
Numbered notes. When you read a posted notice in
FedBizOpps, you will often see references to numbered notes within the
text. (For example, you may see such phrases as "Notes 12 and 26 apply"
or "See Note(s) 22 and 23.")
The purpose of these numbered notes, which are similar to footnotes,
is to avoid the unnecessary repetition of information in various
announcements. Whenever a numbered note is included in a notice, the
note referred to must be read as part of the item or section in which it
Among the Business Tools is a listing of the Numbered Notes
used by the federal government to abbreviate contract postings. The
file is in rich text format (RTF) that is suitable for use with most
word processing programs used in the Windows environment.
FedBizOpps to Identify Government Contracting Opportunities
You can use FedBizOpps to find special advance notices of procurement
opportunities by searching for "potential sources sought" in the
system. At the FedBizOpps home page, click "go," scroll down to "Full
Text Search" and enter the search term: potential sources sought. Scroll
down and click the Start Search button to get the list.
These synopses provide you with an opportunity to submit information
that will permit your capabilities to be evaluated while allowing the
government to gauge interest in possible contracts. Responding is very
important if a particular community (e.g., small businesses,
minority-owned small businesses, women-owned small businesses, or
historically black colleges and universities/minority institutions,
etc.) desires a set-aside. The decision to set a project aside is often
made on the basis of responses received to these Potential Sources
If you want to be on the ground floor of a buy, this is the place to
start. More and more government buyers are using "sources sought" to
find qualified pre-bidders or to pre-qualify bidders for a project. It
saves them lots of time.
Some contractors view this effort as a waste of time, preferring to
concentrate on actual live leads. But you would be surprised at the
amount of contracting that is secured this early in the process.
You can also use FedBizOpps to find out about important upcoming
meetings and conferences dealing with federal procurement activities,
including pre-proposal and bidders' conferences. These meetings are
great places to market your capabilities, identify the competition, and
structure potential teaming arrangements.
At the FedBizOpps home page, click "go," scroll down to "Full Text
Search," and enter the search term: special notice. Scroll down and
click the Start Search button at the bottom of the page. Check the
"Title" area to locate the notices of interest.
Remember as you look through synopses in FedBizOpps that each one
identifies a buying office and a personal contact. What a great
marketing tool! If the item or service isn't exactly what you sell, you
still have a contact to call to learn more about the buyer's needs.
Get Included Government Contract Solicitation Mailing Lists and SUB-Net Website For Bid Leads
Another way of receiving bid leads is to get your company included on
the Solicitation Mailing List (SML) of the specific buying offices
likely to have a need for your product or service. The SML database
lists the capabilities of businesses interested in selling to the
government, and thus enables a buying office to find potential sources
to meet its needs for products and services.
Some offices dealing with actions under $25,000 will still use the
Standard Form 129, "Solicitation Mailing List," because many are not yet
automated. So make sure you ask them if they still use the SF 129. With
the federal government quickly moving into e-business processes, this
method of finding bid leads will, most likely, eventually go away.
Once again, using the target list of prospective customers that you
put together, make an effort to contact them. Be sure to contact the
small business specialist at each agency to make sure you do what is
necessary to be listed on the appropriate SML.
When the SML is extremely long, the purchasing agency may use only a
portion of it for a particular acquisition and rotate the other segments
of the list for other acquisitions. In such situations, the regulations
require that a prorated number of small businesses be solicited.
Contracting for architect-engineering (A-E) and construction services
follows a special procedure and does not use SMLs. For government
contracts, A-E firms are selected on the basis of the professional
qualifications necessary to perform the required services
satisfactorily. Construction companies are selected in a similar manner.
Firms interested in such work should file Standard Form 330,
"Architect-Engineer Qualifications" (attainable from any federal
government buying office or PTAC), with the agency responsible for the
geographic area(s) or specialized area of construction in which the firm
desires to work.
You can get SF 330 by going to the GSA website.
Use the drop-down menu under "About GSA" and click on "Forms." Change
the default to "Standard Forms" and then look for SF 330. Or you can go
to the business tools area of this site for the latest downloads.
Remember that sometimes there is a geographical limit on who will be considered for an award.
Get Registered on Qualification Lists
A less common way to receive bid leads is by getting registered on a
qualified product list (QPL), a qualified manufacturers list (QML), or a
qualified bidders list. Qualification lists are used only for products
that require lengthy or costly testing to determine whether they meet
the government's requirements. The lists identify the specifications and
the manufacturers or distributors of each qualified item. When the
government wishes to procure a product for which a qualification list
exists, bids or proposals are usually accepted only for specific
products or from companies on the list.
To have your product or your company included on a qualification
list, contact the small business specialist responsible for
qualification at the buying office identified in the product
If all else fails, you can always get help from a bid-matching service or your local PTAC office.
Search the SUB-Net Site For Posted Bid Opportunities
SUB-Net is a part of the Small Business Administration web
site on which large businesses, government agencies, and other prime
contractors post solicitations and bid opportunities.
This is a good place for small businesses to search and view bid
opportunities. Small businesses may also register in this area to post a
bid opportunity, but only if they are seeking teaming partners or
subcontractors for a specific procurement that they would not be able to
Go to the SUBNet website,
where you will find a list of American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
(ARRA) Subcontract Solicitations, ARRA Prime Contracts Solicitations and
Iraq Reconstruction RFP's. In addition there is a link to the SBA's
Subcontracting directory, listing by state those prime contractors that
have a contract over $550,000 ($1 million for contraction) and require a
When searching, again remember to think like the government. Choose
search terms that have to do with your end products, not your process.
Use Electronic Bulletin Boards
The Departments of the Army, Navy and Air Force, as well as various
other Department of Defense (DoD) organizations and agencies, use
electronic bulletin boards (EBBs) to inform the public about contracting
opportunities, provide details of government solicitations, and respond
to questions about solicitations. EBBs also permit electronic
submission of bids and proposals.
Unfortunately, to use EBBs, you will have to register at each
particular site. So bear with the redundancy for now. As the government
gets the Central Contractor Registration (CCR) running up to speed, the
need to register again and again hopefully will fade. (Note: For now,
you will need your tax ID, DUNS and CAGE numbers, as well as other
information to register at DoD sites.)
In a typical bulletin board, the government posts a Request for
Quote. Interested businesses can submit standard paper quotes or, in
some cases, electronic quotes for the buyer to review. Most of the
remaining documentation is still on paper There are still some agencies
that were using electronic bulletin boards, but except for smaller
buying offices, we believe that they will eventually become a thing of
the past and will be replaced with an Internet version.
The EBB was the original system for transmitting information via
computer and modem connecting to a special network through the use of
telephone lines. The use of EBBs was largely the result of the Federal
Acquisition Streamlining Act of 1994, which required the government to
convert from an acquisition process driven by paperwork to an expedited
process based on electronic data interchange (EDI).
Check Agency Bid Boards
Bid boards, while still used by some buying agencies to post bid
opportunities, are becoming a thing of the past, as the Internet becomes
more a part of business life.
In the "old days," every DoD buying office maintained, in a public
place, a bid board on which it displayed a copy of each small purchase
solicitation it issued for contracts valued at less than $25,000. Every
notice was posted on the bid board for seven calendar days. If it was
impractical to post a copy of the entire solicitation, the bid board
notice offered a brief description and the location of the full text
There are still agencies that use bid boards, and you can hire an
individual in the area to visit the bid board and monitor it for you.
That individual can either send you everything on the board or pick and
choose for you. At one time, we had twelve of these prospectors getting
bids for our clients. It worked, but was expensive and time-consuming.
The more enterprising contractor will also check out the agency's web
site, to see what they buy and who they sell to. This will help narrow
your focus when it comes time to find actual bid leads from individual
Create Own Contracting Opportunities By Submitting Unsolicited Proposals
Sometimes you can create your own contracting opportunities by
submitting an unsolicited proposal. Such a proposal is a written offer
to the government to perform a task or effort that you initiate. To be
considered, an unsolicited proposal must offer a unique and innovative
concept to the government. You can learn about an agency's research and
development needs from advance notices on BizOpps and from informal contacts with agency personnel.
The FAR provides general guidance for submitting an unsolicited
proposal. The proposal should contain an abstract of the proposed
effort, the method of approach, and the extent of the effort. It should
also include a proposed price or estimated cost. You should clearly mark
any proprietary data you wish to protect from possible release to
The Department of the Army Pamphlet 70-3, and FAR Subpart 15.6
together include ground rules for submission, preparation, basis of
evaluation and geographical location of command having potential
interest in the unsolicited proposal.
These regulations allow the government to use other-than-competitive
procurement procedures when they receive a favorably evaluated
unsolicited proposal. They also require that the prospective contractors
be notified of government's intentions regarding the proposal.
If you're not sure what specific buying office might be really
interested in the item or service, then send it to the headquarters
operation in Washington, D.C. For example, for the Department of Army,
instead of sending a proposal to the electronics command, send it to
headquarters, U.S. Army in Washington. For the civilian side, it would
be similar. For example, instead of sending a proposal to the Chicago
regional area of the FAA, send it to FAA Operations in Washington, D.C.
Remember you are sending in a proposal that is supposed to help the
government agency accomplish its mission. They want a well thought-out
and clear description of what you are proposing as a solution.
SBAExchange Initiative Is Suspended
The SBAExchange program, which provided the opportunity for
a business to market its products and services to the government, has
been put on hold.
The SBA kicked off this program on March 30, 2003, but suspended it some three months later.
Any business that had signed up for the now suspended program should have been notified and fees paid should have been refunded.
If you have questions concerning this program, contact SBAExchange Program Manager Carol Thompson at (202) 205-6118 or email her at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The following is a description of the suspended program and how it works:
Another opportunity for you to market your company's products and services to the government is the SBAExchange, an electronic tool created by the SBA to assist small businesses in their e-procurement efforts. Under SBAExchange,
government buyers can award simplified acquisitions up to $100,000
(including micro-purchases) and make purchases and payments
electronically with the government-wide commercial purchase card. In
addition, small businesses can participate, with little or no technical
expertise or equipment investment, in an e-procurement system.
Remember that purchases of between $2,500 and $100,000 are, by
statute, reserved for small businesses. Therefore, all purchases made
through SBAExchange will be made from small businesses. (SBAExchange
will also allow agencies to make purchases implementing the
Javits-Wagner-O'Day Act under the rules of the Committee for Purchase
from People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled.)
Also keep in mind that purchases under $100,000 account for 98 percent of all federal purchases.
Small businesses that decide to participate in SBAExchange
receive a number of benefits, including a fully hosted, supplier
branded, e-commerce website; exposure to federal buying authorities,
large federal prime contractors, and other large buying officials; an
electronic catalog; a centralized order management system for receiving
and processing Internet-based orders from federal, state, local, and
commercial buying authorities; a management system for tracking new
business and for creating and submitting quotes; and assistance in
managing their new site.
Agencies also receive a number of benefits, including credit toward
small business goals, access to socioeconomic data and demographic
reports, and a tool for monitoring agency and individual staff small
business goals and objectives.
The cost for small businesses to participate in SBAExchange is $1500
per year. Additionally, a transaction fee of 2 percent will be added to
all orders. Instructions regarding payment arrangements and discounts
can be found at www.SBAExchange.gov.
SBAExchange differs from other electronic commerce programs
and malls in that there is no requirement for small businesses to have a
contract with the government in order for government buyers to buy from
these firms. For example, GSA Advantage! is an electronic mall of
catalogs for pre-existing contracts with GSA.
For more information on SBAExchange, simply follow the step-by-step instructions available at the website www.SBAExchange.gov.
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