Learn more about keeping your business compliant with sales tax requirements.
In Texas, a tax is imposed on the sale at retail of taxable items and upon the storage, use or other consumption in the state of taxable items purchased, leased or rented from any retailer for storage, use or other consumption in Texas.
Taxable items are tangible personal property (including computer programs) and taxable services including the following:
Leases. Tax is due on the total amount of financing leases regardless of where the property that was received in Texas is used during the lease. Tax is imposed on the total of an operating lease amount for the entire term of the lease regardless of where the property is used if the lessee takes delivery of the property in the state.
Sales and use tax rate. The sales and use tax rate is 6.25 percent on the state level. If you are the taxpayer collecting the tax, you may deduct 0.5 percent of the tax as reimbursement for collecting the tax. An additional 1.25 percent discount is allowed if you make prepayments of the tax based upon a reasonable estimate of the liability for the quarter or month in which prepayment is made. Be sure to check with your local government in Texas because they are allowed to assess a local sales and use tax.
In Texas, the responsibility is on both the purchaser and seller. Texas may proceed against either the purchaser or the seller for unpaid sales tax. If you are a seller you are responsible for collecting and remitting the tax to the state. The tax is intended to fall on the purchaser and a seller's failure to collect the tax from the purchaser does not relieve the purchaser of tax liability. The required sales tax is added to the sales price and becomes a debt from the purchaser to the seller recoverable at law in the same manner as the sales price.
Absorbing the tax is not permitted. A retailer commits an offense if the retailer advertises, holds out, or states to a customer or to the public that the retailer:
If you desire to engage in business as a seller in Texas, a state tax report is required. As a seller you must obtain from the Comptroller of Public Accounts a permit for each place of business. Every retailer selling, leasing or renting tangible personal property for storage, use or other consumption in the state must register with the Comptroller. The permit is valid indefinitely and no fee is necessary.
Texas includes many specific items that are exempt from sales and use tax. As an example: water, and food for human consumption (with several exceptions), are not subject to sales tax in Texas. You'll want to check and see if you are exempt from the tax. An exemption certificate may be issued by a purchaser of a nontaxable item, or by an organization that has qualified for exemption.
A resale certificate must be issued for items purchased for resale. A sale is exempt if the seller receives in good faith from a purchaser either an exemption certificate or a resale certificate from a purchaser in the business of selling, leasing, or renting taxable items. The certificate must state that the item purchased is to be sold or transferred as an integral part of a taxable service, in the regular course of the purchaser's business.
Requirements for resale certificates. The exemption certificate must show the following information:
The certificate does not require a tax-exempt number to be valid.
A "blanket" resale certificate may be issued to a supplier or seller by a retailer. A blanket certificate will relieve the burden of executing a separate certificate for each individual tax-exempt purchase as long as there is no significant change in the operations. A blanket certificate describes the general nature of the property purchased for resale and remains in force until revoked in writing.
Texas has a statute that specifically taxes out-of-state mail order and catalogue sellers. However, you will be responsible for paying this tax only if you have physical presence within State. To determine if you have physical presence, ask yourself the following:
The following bracket system has been issued for purposes of collecting the 6.25 percent state sales and use tax:
|Amount of Sale||Amount of Tax|
|$0.01 to $0.07||No tax|
|.08 to .23||1¢|
|24 to .39||2¢|
|.40 to .55||3¢|
|.56 to .71||4¢|
|.72 to .87||5¢|
|.88 to 1.03||6¢|
|and so forth|
Use tax is defined as a tax on the person consuming, using, or storing the taxable item in the state. The consumer's liability continues until the tax is paid to the state unless the consumer pays the tax to the retailer or other the person authorized to collect the tax. Retailers engaged in business in the state are responsible for collecting and remitting use taxes and are generally liable for such tax if they fail to do so.
Use tax is also due on taxable items that are purchased outside Texas by a person engaged in business in Texas for delivery, at the direction of the purchaser, to recipients in Texas who are designated by the purchaser. The tax is based on the purchase price of the items delivered to Texas. Local use taxes may also be applicable.
Responsibility for paying use tax. In Texas the responsibility for paying use tax is on the person consuming, using, or storing the taxable item in the state. The consumer's liability continues until the tax is paid to the state unless the consumer pays the tax to, and obtains a receipt from, the retailer or other person authorized to collect the tax. Retailers engaged in business in the state are responsible for collecting and remitting use taxes and are generally liable for such tax if they fail to do so. Upon the purchase of goods, the use tax becomes part of the sales price and is a debt owed by the purchaser to the retailer. If the tax is unpaid, the retailer may file a lawsuit to recover it.
If you, as a seller, have returned the sales tax to your customer, credit may be taken on the your current sales tax return or a refund may be requested. A refund may also be requested by a customer who has received from the seller an assignment of the right to the refund. A canceled check or a credit memo signed by the customer is sufficient to document the return of tax to the customer. As an alternative, the seller can file an amended return for the period in which the tax was paid.