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Drug testing by employers in Virginia is governed by these state rules.
Virginia has no general law dealing with drug testing in employment.
Virginia does have drug testing provisions for school bus drivers and requires home health care organizations to establish policies for maintaining a drug-free workplace, which may include drug testing of employees and requires the organizations to report any positive result of any drug test to the health regulatory boards responsible for licensing, certifying, or registering the person to practice, if any.
Also, the workers' compensation law provides for premium discounts of up to five percent for employers with drug-free workplace programs that meet the requirements of the insurer.
In addition, drug-free workplaces must be maintained by certain public contractors.